Cairo, the capital city of Egypt — famous for its
pyramids — hosted the ITMF annual conference
for the sixth time.
he 2007 annual conference of the International Federation of Textile Manufacturers (ITMF)
recently took place in Cairo, Egypt. This gathering of the global textile and textile engineering
industry is one of the most important annual events in the textile industry. A high-class audience
had the opportunity to attend an impressive seminar presenting top papers. The topic of this year’s
conference was “Textile Competitiveness in an Integrated World.”
This conference report can only be an overview of a broad variety of papers given at the
event. But one thing is for sure: times have changed in the consciousness among the top league in
textiles. Whoever mentioned the gentle use of resources, ecology and environment within the last
few years and even spoke about it in public was often called a “green dreamer.” These topics were
hot for environmental activists and other environmental advocates, but hardly for the agenda of an
ITMF conference. This has changed drastically for several reasons now because it is about nothing
else than the future of the planet. Many speakers referred to this other way of doing business and
appealed to the new environmental consciousness.
Dr. Christian Schindler, director general, ITMF, reported the latest textile machinery
investment trends to conference attendees.
Sixth Time In Cairo
ITMF President Walter Simeoni welcomed some 140 participants from 27 countries to the
Egyptian capital. The as-usual very-well-organized conference took place in Cairo for the sixth
time in the 103 years of the Federation’s existence. Simeoni, General Manager of the South African
Frame Textile Group, mentioned the return to Cairo underlines the importance of the Egyptian
textile industry for the world. He also described the title and general theme of the conference, “
Textile Competitiveness in an Integrated World,” as a wake-up call for the continent with its 912
million inhabitants in 47 countries and a textile industry that had been flourishing some four
Simeoni said there is one important aspect that Africa can learn from China: China does not
permit the importation of second-hand clothing. One of the major reasons for the destruction of the
textile value chain within the African continent was and still is the free and unabated flow of
second-hand clothing. If the newly created African Union could pass a directive to ban the
importation of second-hand clothing into the continent, hundreds of thousands of new jobs could be
Walter Simeoni, ITMF president and general manager of the South African Frame Textile
Group, welcomed attendees to the ITMF conference.
The International Cotton Market And China’s Role
Ray Butler, managing director, Cotlook Ltd., England, opened the fiber session, which was
chaired, as usual, by Andrew Macdonald. He gave a very broad view of the actual situation by
mentioning that the interdependence of the international market and China’s cotton market is
growing. China is by far the biggest cotton producer and consumer, and the biggest importer.
Despite persisting difficulties, China is increasingly engaging itself in relation to the cotton
and textile sectors. This involvement surely will increase as the door is open now for foreign
trading companies to engage in China’s domestic cotton trade.
Butler mentioned there has been a sharp rise during the last three seasons in world cotton
consumption. Cotton consumption grew during the decade ending in 2003-04, and in fact declined in
some seasons. The 2004-05 season saw a virtually unprecedented leap of around 10 percent, and
subsequent seasons have witnessed above-average growth of 4 percent per season.
Although cotton prices have been historically cheap, the increase in consumption has
probably resulted more from strong worldwide economic growth, from investment trends established
prior to China’s accession to the World Trade Organization and before the Agreement on Textiles and
Clothing expired, and the anticipated subsequent removal of quota restrictions. The year 2004-05
was an exceptional agricultural year, in that world cotton production attained what was then a new
record of more than 26 million metric tons. Something other than merely the weather was at work,
since production in 2005-06 fell back only modestly, and 2006-07 saw another record.
World yields have increased enormously — the average so far this decade has been 18 percent
more than during the second half of the 1990s, and estimated yield in 2006-07 was 773 kilograms per
hectare. In the recent past, India has witnessed an increase in yield of more than 70 percent;
Brazil, around 60 percent; China, 40 percent; and the United States, 33 percent. In cotton, the
period has witnessed another “green revolution,” driven by the adoption of better farming practices
and, specifically, the impact of genetically modified cotton strains. India, with the world’s
largest cotton area, has an average yield that is still only about two-thirds of the world average,
with potential for further yield gains. Also, Brazil has the land available to increase plantings
of cotton and cotton’s main competitor crops.
The focus today is on sustainable cotton production, cotton being a renewable resource with
advantageous fiber properties. Genetically modified seed varieties are contributing towards that
goal, as they reduce pesticide use and thereby lower farmers’ costs.
Butler also mentioned that new Chinese statistics indicate the global cotton market changed
a lot. “For years, the cotton world has relied on data published at intervals by China’s National
Bureau of Statistics, both for cotton production and for yarn output, from which fiber consumption
estimates have traditionally been calculated,” he said. “These have increasingly come into
question, particularly during the 2006-07 season, when the Chinese market did not behave as most
For Ray Butler, the key question may well be not production, but consumption. The 2008-09
season could see consumption outstrip production by another large margin, thus taking the world
into territory that one has not witnessed for many a year. Butler summarized his paper by
saying that the interdependence of the international market and China’s cotton market is growing.
Ray Butler (right), managing director, Cotlook Ltd., opened the 2007 ITMF conference fiber
session, which was chaired by Andrew Macdonald (left).
China’s New Cotton Face
John Cheh, vice chairman and COO, Hong Kong-based Esquel Group, emphasized in his
presentation, “The new Face of China’s Cotton Industry,” that the renminbi’s value had increased by
10.5 percent since July 2005 and is forecast to rise by 5 to 10 percent per year during the next
two years, according to economists’ estimates. In 2005, minimum wages rose by 20 to 40 percent, and
social security expenses by 30 to 60 percent. At the same time, tax rebates for textiles and
garments were reduced from 17 percent to 13 percent in 2004, and to 11 percent in 2007. Another
burden was the new deposit for the processing industry: Now the companies need to pay a deposit of
tariff and value-added tax for imported materials processed and exported as final goods from China.
Cheh still considers China to be the leading source for garments, but Vietnam has already caught
Further sessions mentioned supply chain management, retailing in a globalized world, energy
and renewable resources, and Egypt’s place in the textile marketplace. Dr. Christian Schindler,
director general, ITMF, reported on the latest textile machinery investment trends. At the end of
the conference, participants had the opportunity to visit Setcore, a spinning mill in Alexandria,
John Cheh, vice chairman and COO, Esquel Group, discussed China’s cotton industry.
Ayman Nassar, president of Egypt Textile Cotton, gave an overview of technology requirements
for the 21st century. In his vision, he mentioned textiles and apparel innovation is based on a
safe and comfortable environment, effective protection and health care, innovative mobility,
transport and energy solutions, the efficient use of natural resources and protection of the
environment. The industry will consolidate and the companies will restructure with cut costs and
become leaner due to the rising global competition.
Everybody, including Egyptian companies, is looking for higher-added-value products, and
therefore, research and innovation become more important than ever. New applications for textiles —
such as transport, engineering, construction, agriculture, medical, and power and environmental
technologies — were just a few examples Nassar mentioned.
The Egyptian textile industry is changing, leaving the ivory tower to enter real life.
Cotton production must be re-engineered and yield criteria re-evaluated; and efficient management
of total acreage is required. Nassar is convinced that in the future, Egyptian cotton will be
harvested by machines to withstand the global pressure from other cotton-growing countries.
Ayman Nassar, president, Egypt Textile Cotton, spoke about technology
Organic cotton has become synonymous with environmentally friendly cotton production in the
last few years. Peter Tschannen, deputy managing director, Remei AG, Switzerland, has worked in the
organic cotton field for many years. He said that organic cotton is more than a niche market, in
spite of the small world market for organic cotton. World cotton production in 2006-07 was 25.3
million tons, and organic cotton production reached 49,959 tons, less than 0.2 percent of the
The organic cotton business is based on four principles: health; ecology; fairness; and
care. Since 1995, Tschannen’s company has partnered with one of the biggest retailers in
Switzerland. To be successful, one needs reliable partners, working together along the whole
production process. Tschannen said the integrated chain needs new skills:
• Production must be managed with available raw materials.
• Stocks must be available at every crucial point — just-in-time
• Price, ecology and social compliance must be balanced out — norms define
• Partners are not easily exchangeable.
• Innovation should be focused to strengthen partners.
• There must be continuous risk assessment throughout the chain.
Shortening the production chain means rationalization resulting from a sustainable approach.
On a global scale, a breakthrough occurred when Wal-Mart started selling organic cotton in 2005.
Other brands then followed.
In his conclusion, Tschannen said organic cotton is more than a niche market. It is an
advantage for agriculture and the individual farmer, the industry along the chain, innovative
entrepreneurs, consumers, and the environment. However, it needs a strong chain with a visionary
network manager, and social transparency is a must.
Peter Tschannen, deputy managing director, Remei AG, spoke about organic cotton.
The Consumer Decides
The attitude of the modern customer has changed dramatically. As some speakers reported,
today, the power of the customer is stronger than ever, and environmental consciousness is rising
permanently. After surveys, consumers want to know always more — they know more about what goods
are made of and by which means their clothing is produced. Global labels that stand for
environmentally compatible and socially conscious production are enormously important for the big
brands to survive. Products produced in an environmentally harmless manner — so that mankind can
live in an integrated world and the future has a future — enjoy the sympathy of consumers.
ITMF At A Glance
The International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF) is one of the oldest
non-governmental organizations in the world. It was founded in 1904, at a meeting held in Zurich,
Switzerland, and convened at the initiative of the British cotton spinning industry. That’s why it
still has a very close relationship to the whole cotton industry.
ITMF is probably the most important and high-ranking textile association around the world.
Members are associations and other constituted organizations of textile manufacturers. There can be
only one member association from each country. Associate members include not only associations and
other constituted textile manufacturers’ organizations in countries already represented by a member
association, but also associations allied to the textile industry. More recently, it has been
possible to become a corporate member of ITMF. These corporate members are manufacturers of
textiles or of products allied to the textile industry, including textile machinery and retailers.
More information and the papers from the 2007 conference are available at
www.itmf.org. The next ITMF conference host will
be the island of Mauritius in October 2008.